The first ceiling fan was invented towards the end of the 19th century in America, and did not use any electricity. They were powered by water and a turbine through a system of belts that made the blades of the fan turn.
The electrical ceiling fan was invented in 1882 by Philip Diehl, who used an electric motor (adapting it from that of a sewing machine) to move the blades of the ceiling fan.
Nowadays fans are all powered by electric motors and come in all sizes and forms: to the common three blade ventilator mounted on a long support to the smaller table fans and even the mini solar energy fans which are often mounted on caps to wear during hot days… have you ever worn one? You might get some refreshment but you would also look very funny 😉