a students' magazine

About inventions again: the Internet

“If you love something, set it free”

[Linus Torvalds]

After reading last week’s posts on inventions I thought of writing a few lines on the invention of the Internet.

An important chapter of hacking history, the birth of the Internet dates back to 1969, when the ARPA unity (Advanced Research Project Agency) of the USA Defence Department started Arpanet, which is the project that we can consider as Internet’s “father”.

The  World Wide Web as we know and use it today, however, was invented by Tim Berners-Lee, who also founded the World Wide Web Consortium, where everybody could give any sort of help to the development of the Internet.

But the most important person behind the final “explosion” of the Internet was Marc Andreessen. In 1993, at the National Center of Supercomputing Applications, Marc and a group of hackers created a first user-friendly graphic browser to be used on the personal computer. A bit later, the Netscape Navigator browser was born.
Another important invention was the email, first introduced by Ray Tomlinson in 1972 (he was the person who created the @ symbol that we still use).

An important thing to know is that Internet was born “free”: in the planning of the internet in fact there has been no participation of corporations. Like his predecessor (Arpanet), Internet was planned informally by a group of experts.

The minds of geniuses and the groups of hackers that have worked (in an open-source manner)  for us, are the only ones we should be grateful to for the birth of our beloved INTERNET!

 

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