This period is also called “Gothic”. The most important activities and trades were based, it Italy, on the refinement of the fabric or on the weaving of precious drapes.
In this period fashion began a progressive reduction of the clothes worn: there was the introduction of the button, which made them more comfortable and adherent to the body.
For men trousers were compulsory. The “doublet” or “farsetto”, a short jacket worn directly on the shirt, was added to male fashion.
Men and women, according to Church rules, had to cover their hair.
At the end of the century, there was the invention of the glasses, by a glass worker of Venice.
From XIVth century there was a real revolution: there was the first clear distinction between male and female clothes: the woman continued to wear adherent clothes, with a new change: the neckline, stigmatized by Dante.
Men wore really short clothes that showed completely their legs, covered by long socks with a tip and a sole.
The houses, not heated, imposed the widespread use of the coat: the “pellanda”, with long sleeves, and the “giornea”, with two lateral holes for the arms.