The XVth century was the period of Renaissance, a new cultural movement characterized by freedom from Gothic art. The most important idea of Renaissance was the centrality of man. During the Renaissance human proportions were studied through anatomical dissections; the most famous example of human proportional perfection was Leonardo da Vinci’s “Vitruvian man”, that presents the figure of a man inscribed a square and a circle and that is considered a perfect geometric figure.
In this period fashion was decided by the most important Italian courts: those of Medici in Florence and Sforza in Milan. They usually underlined their noble origins wearing the colours of their families.
During the early XVth century female clothes were influenced by Gothic art: they had a long trawl and hanging sleeves, while later the trawl disappeared and the skirt was separated. The rich sleeves were embellished by gems.
Men continued to show their legs and wore clothes that underlined their chest.
The doublet, previously considered an undergarment, became shorter.
This period also saw the invention of the “braghetta”, a piece of fabric used as a pocket which had the function of covering private parts.
This type of fashion was followed by the young, while people with important public professions continued to wear long and large clothes.