During the XVIth century Italy was under the Spanish influence and this greatly changed Italian fashion. We can divide this period in two parts.
During the first period clothes began to be larger. The perfect woman wasn’t long-limbed anymore, but became “round”, like the Titian’s Venuses. The freest female fashion is to be found in Venice: there were deep necklines and oriental elements, like the first earrings.
Women wore long trousers to the knee under the skirt and used to incarnadine their hair. Men on the other hand tried to accentuate their virility: they became muscular, with large shoulders and wore long beards.
People continued to use superimposed clothes and furs (the most appreciated was the lynx).
From the second part of this century however clothes lost the necklines, which were replaced by the “gorgiera”. There was the introduction of the metal corset and the quilted petticoat.
Men continued to show their muscular legs (Henry VIII of England was very proud of his).
Men with thin legs, strange but true, stuffed their calves to make them seem bigger.