music

BAROQUE MUSIC – 2nd part

Hi, guys!
In the last post we have examined some of the genres of the wonderful Baroque movement.
Today we’ll complete this travel 🙂

THE ABA FORM

The first form that we are going to analyze is the ABA FORM. This structure is particularly up-to-date, because a lot of modern songs follow it. The ABA is a tripartite (i.e., composed of three parts) and a bithematic form. It’s so called because of the alternation of the themes:

A – first part and first theme

B – second part and second theme

A – Third part and repetition of the first theme

THE BIRTH OF BALLET AND THE REFORM OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE “OPERA SERIA”

In Versailles a lot of shows were performed to entertain the king and the court. The protagonists were music and dance, that merged in the classical ballet (in fact the words used in dance are French). We can say that ballet is a “show in a show”.

In 1645 the Italian composer Giovanni Battista Lulli arrived in Paris, where he became famous and decided to introduce  the following parts in the French “opera seria”:

  • the “overture”, a musical introduction
  • a sung prologue
  • five acts (every act is introduced by an instrumental part)

 FROM DANCE TO THE SUITE

A lot of us don’t know that dance and suite are highly connected.
In the Baroque period, the success of the dance induced the composers to use the rhythms of that art to create melodies not intended for dance. In this way the suite was born. It was composed by different musics of various origins, united in a unitary composition.

The following scheme was defined by Froberger (1616 – 1667):

  • Allemanda (slow and regular)
  • Sarabanda (slow and solemn)
  • Giga (bright and lively)
  • Minuet (graceful and regular)
  • Badinérie (joyful)
  • Gavotta (moderated)
  • Bourée (lively)

THE FUGUE

Obviously we can’t forget the fugue (who doesn’t know the “Toccata and Fugue in D minor” by J. S. Bach?)
The fugue is a musical form based on a theme proposed by the different instrumental voices. It derives from the canon (another form based on imitation), but differs from it because it is freer from the elaboration of the main theme.

I think that this video can be an excellent example of what is the fugue 🙂
See you soon!

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